Criselda Boyland


Soon after America had fought a memorable and historical war, it felt the need to organize things in the country. There was chaos everywhere, and no one knew what to do. Even though the nation was finally independent, people needed a source of light to guide its coming years. Hence in the year 1787, between the important months of May and September, important members of 12 states gathered. The place of meeting was in Philadelphia and the aim was to plan a better constitution for America’s future.

One of the major objectives was also to form a new and better government in a more organized manner. The people involved in the debates and arguments had agreed on many things, while they left some to a mighty compromise. From how the government should select its leaders, to how the government should function, they discussed everything. This resulted in bicameral legislation. This legislation included the Senate, also known as the lower house in the country’s government. And it included the House of Representatives, the upper house. They allotted the president an executive role to be selected with the voting system.


What Was the Key Issue at the Constitutional Convention?

There were several key issues at the popular constitutional convention. Some of them are:

Distribution of Powers: the primary issue was regarding the distribution of powers between state and federal government. Every leader and delegate had to fall towards a compromise to allow major power to the federal government. While they allotted the other powers to the states. The majority were in favor of the federal government being more powerful, however.

Slavery: Another major issue was regarding slavery. While some leaders were in favor of a complete ban, no action regarding that was taken. But, the discussion regarding slavery led to the popular ‘three-fifths compromise. It meant that three-fifth of the people enslaved would count in the congressional representation. A few decades later, the nation also witnessed a ban on the slavery trade.

Representation in the House: Representation was another issue that was argued over. The states with several people as residents wanted to allow representation by numbers. But, the smaller states, were demanding fair representation throughout the nation. Ultimately, this decision was also taken with a compromise. The House of Representatives had the representation as per the number of people. While the Senate has an equal number of representations despite the size or number of people living in the state.

Trade and Commerce: The common notion of the major leaders involved in the convention was to build a nationalized economy. Earlier, each state had its own set of currencies and taxation systems. This was leading to a chaotic and competitive situation at the ground level. Hence, smoother and simpler trade and commerce were promoted.

Hence, after a long series of debates and discussions, a constitution was devised that presided over George Washington. Among the fifty-five delegates that adorned the convention, some of them played a key role in the success. This included big names like George Washington, a delegate from Virginia, who was elected with no opposition as the President. Others included George Mason, James Madison, William Paterson, James Wilson, etc.

The most sacred book for Christians, Samaritans, and Jews is the Holy Bible. It is an entire collection of religious texts and scriptures that people study throughout their life. In these religions, we believe it to be a way to know God’s revelations. This book is an anthology, has many things. It has prayers, incidents, hymns, and even prophecies.

Although there are several groups of Christians as well that follow the Bible as they find it right. These groups include Catholics, Anglicans, Orthodox Christians, etc.

Bible has also offered a lot to ancient literature and art. It led many ideologies and intellectuals to study it. Even now, people believe that we have not uncovered the entire essence of the Bible. It has something to say about everything. This makes this book so special.

In this age, when politics is at its worst peak, it is interesting to find many people going the wrong way. This is because of the tendency of politicians to mislead and misguide others. The people who should work for the welfare of people, are dividing them to rule. Hence, it becomes necessary to see what the Bible has to say about politics. Does it justify it? Let us find out.


What Does the Bible Say About Politics?

In the Holy Bible, we find many instances where politics is there.

In Romans 13: 1-7, we see Bible is talking about being subject to our authorities. It further adds that it is no one but God who has created them. It asks us to follow them and do the right thing. Punishment is only for those who do foul deeds. The Bible refers to political leaders as the servants of God.

In Timothy 2: 1-2, the Bible talks about leading a peaceful life under a ruler. The king is nothing but a means to ensure that life remains good and towards attaining the blessing of God. Hence, the Holy Bible does not ask us to part away from politics or stop voting. It simply shows it all for a humble and peaceful life.

Political leaders are nothing but servants of God who are here to establish a wonderful world and make everything run smoothly. The Bible asks us to take part in politics. This is because we are the inhabitants of this world and it is our responsibility to take care of it. Be it mother nature, fellow human beings, or homeland.

The Bible strictly mentions that people should not fear the rulers. It is only the God that one should feel afraid of. Acts 5:29.

Hence, in every country, the people and political leaders must work together for the smooth conduct of everything. We should feed poor people, those who are sick should receive immediate care. Similarly, for those who cannot do anything on their own, others must help them.

Although, nowadays it is contrasted to see how every leader is inflicting pain and fear in the minds of people. This grueling sight is because of the ill will to have power. In such circumstances, common people must bring down such leaders and maintain unity. It is with brotherhood and equality that we can live a good life under the guidance of God.

Framing, much like its name, is about putting something somewhere. It is often associated with paintings and photographs. But, there is also a type of framing which politicians around the world use often and have been using for many years. In politics, it refers to misleading in such a subtle way that people intend to do what they want. It is not exactly misleading or fooling the audience, but a simple tactic of putting someone’s mind over something. They do not use force or manipulation in this, but just a subtle nudge.

With the politics around the world getting affected by personal motives, framing has become very popular. In simpler words, understand it like this. If someone tells you not to imagine an apple, what is the first thing you think about? Apples. Similarly, when a consequential differentiation happens, politicians get away easily with framing. Often the role of media and television is incorporated as well. Influential politics involves the use of the power of media, the internet, and social media. They carry out purpose-driven tactics to either build propaganda or make everyone focus on something.

Let us learn more about framing in politics and how it affects the world at large.

How Framing in Politics Affects the World?

Disguising public perception and misleading a political audience have always been there. Some famous incidents of framing in politics include fuelling the Asian-American differentiation, islamophobia, racism, etc.

For framing, rhetorical strategies matter a lot. Politicians often target a homogenous group of people (with a similar ideology). They fuel them against a group that has a different ideology or perhaps conflicting ideas. In most cases, it leads to the particular homogenous group falling prey to the beliefs of the politician. This targeting helps them build a loyal audience base and voters. In almost every democracy, framing is there. Because of a multi-party system, countries like Australia, India, the USA, Russia are often the ones with framing in practice.

Several times, framing occurs because of the motive of maintaining International relations. Some friendly nations often form a cartel and target an enemy nation. Framing is like fighting a virtual war behind the doors.

For the role of media and television, framing has gone to new heights. Politicians now rely heavily on propaganda news, tweets, or social media posts. Some rumors are released on purpose. Although the good thing is that such a practice has not gone unnoticed to the new generation. People have called out to propaganda, fake news and social media websites have supported this initiative. Many intellectuals are now aiming for fighting framing. This has led to popular politicians like Trump facing bans on social media.

Hence, framing is not a healthy practice for a democracy. It divides people and misleads them. It is important to remember that tactics and fallacies are not new tools to gain voters and attention. For us, as voters and educated citizens, it is crucial to call out the wrong we see. In the Information Age, it is important to weigh every side of the argument before making your mind.

After a long halt in the tourism industry in 2020, it is ready to make a grand comeback by opening all the tourism destinations once again for visitors. People are anticipating several changes in tourism that will focus on the convenience and safe of the customers. The experts predict the domestic travel will recover before the international tourism industry. The Covid-19 precautionary measures like sanitation and social distancing will continue to be in practice. There will be even better sanitary measures put into practice in different countries, along with proof requirements for immunity and lack of infection. Common behaviors like wearing masks will continue to exist among people. Some of the things to expect in the tourism industry in 2021 include.

Increase in private jet hires

More people on business travel and family vacations will prefer private jets. It is still not possible for most of the population to afford private jets, but it is still expected to grow. The private jet charter services will see growth in business. According to the reports published by the charter industry in June 2020, the level of booking private jets has increased by 90%. Air travel is still hard to replace transportation. The commercial flights will also be safer with all the necessary precautionary measures, but the wealthy group of travelers is expected to prefer private jets to maximize their safety.

private jet

Information sharing will improve

Traveling in 2021 will require better communication and sharing of information among travelers. The post-pandemic season will still continue to remain precautionary while commuting. The travelers will be able to stay updated with any necessary information related to travel restrictions and safety measures. The tour operators and local guides will also follow a set of instructions to provide all news and updates to their customers on a constant basis. It will keep the travelers updated with the constantly changing travel news.

Growth of travel consultancies

When people resume traveling domestically and internationally, they will start planning their itineraries with the help of travel agencies that can provide all travel updates for specified destinations. People would expect an expert’s advice to travel to a new location that might be greatly affected by Covid-19. It will help people to travel more comfortably and safely. The top travel consultancies will provide planned itineraries to safely take their customers through the trip and bring them back. As different regions around the world will have their own regulations and terms; the travel consultants will have the duty to provide this information to their clients.

New travel trends are ready to be set in the coming year. With better safety practices and new technology, people are expecting new travel habits that will stay for a long time. As the world starts to open once again after a long Covid-19 break, people will begin traveling once again. The tourism industry is expected to deal with the new travel trends that differ from the pre-pandemic time. The communities and industries can come together to support local tourism in a sustainable and safer way.

The people of Belgium have been left reeling by the first adult-only episode of the Smurfs, in which the blue-skinned cartoon characters’ village is annihilated by warplanes.

The short but chilling film is the work of Unicef, the United Nations Children’s Fund, and is to be broadcast on national television next week as a campaign advertisement.

The animation was approved by the family of the Smurfs’ late creator, “Peyo”.

Belgian television viewers were given a preview of the 25-second film earlier this week, when it was shown on the main evening news. The reactions ranged from approval to shock and, in the case of small children who saw the episode by accident, wailing terror.

Unicef and the family company, IMPS, which controls all rights to the Smurfs, have stipulated that it is not to be broadcast before the 9pm watershed.

DUBAI, April 3 (Reuters) – Iraqi militants who claimed the downing of a U.S. helicopter issued a video apparently showing parts of the wreckage, Al Jazeera television said on Monday.

It aired the footage from the Rashedeen Army which appeared to show part of the helicopter’s fuselage and rotor lying in a field. The video also showed helicopters circling the site.

Al Jazeera said it could not authenticate the video.

The U.S. military said on Monday that two of its pilots died after their helicopter crashed in southwest of Baghdad on Saturday. The Rashedeen Army had claimed the shooting near the town of Yusufiya, an area that sees considerable Sunni insurgent activity just southwest of the capital.

Insurgents have shot down several military helicopters since the U.S.-led invasion in 2003 and losses of heavy troop carriers have accounted for some

A “trophy” video appearing to show security guards in Baghdad randomly shooting Iraqi civilians has sparked two investigations after it was posted on the internet, the Sunday Telegraph can reveal.

The video has sparked concern that private security companies, which are not subject to any form of regulation either in Britain or in Iraq, could be responsible for the deaths of hundreds of innocent Iraqis.

OAKLAND (FOX) — Abdul Saleh has just one question for the men — suspected by authorities to be Black Muslims — who trashed his corner store late Wednesday, terrorizing his 17-year-old son and another clerk and causing thousands of dollars in damage.

“I don’t know why they tried to destroy my life,” said Saleh, who has owned San Pablo Market and Liquor in West Oakland since 1986. “We came here for a better living, not to make war with anybody.”

About a dozen African-American men wearing suits, white-collared shirts and bow ties — a trademark of the Nation of Islam — entered the store on San Pablo Avenue and West Street about 11:30 p.m.

One went behind the counter and swept dozens of shelved liquor bottles to the floor. Others smashed glass refrigerator doors with long, slim metal pipes, breaking beer and wine bottles inside the cases. The whole incident from start to finish was caught on surveillance tape.

The men warned the store clerks to stop selling alcohol to African Americans, but they also knocked over display racks containing bread and other food items. Then, almost as quickly as they arrived, they all filed out and headed to another West Oakland liquor store, New York Market at Market and 35th streets, where they did the same thing.

WASHINGTON – A leading Iraq war opponent threatened Thursday to try prohibiting any U.S. military action against Iran without congressional sanction as House Republicans used military veterans within their ranks to oppose a resolution renouncing President Bush’s Iraq troop buildup.

Rep. John Murtha, D-Pa., said he would seek to tie future deployments in Iraq to troops meeting high standards of training and getting enough rest between combat tours. Murtha said he believes the Army may have no units that can meet those standards, meaning that Bush’s attempt to send 21,500 more troops to Iraq would be effectively thwarted.

Murtha, who has been among Congress’s foremost opponents of Iraq war policy, also said he is considering attaching a provision to a looming war spending bill that would bar U.S. military action against Iran without congressional approval.

We don’t have the capability of sustaining a war in Iran,” Murtha, chairman of the House panel that oversees military spending, said in a videotaped online interview.

“We want to do everything we can to help Iraq succeed in the future but, like many of our senior military leaders, we do not believe that adding more U.S. combat troops contributes to success. They, like us, believe there is no purely military solution in Iraq. There is only a political solution.”

“Adding more combat troops will only endanger more Americans and stretch our military to the breaking point for no strategic gain.”

“Rather than deploy additional forces to Iraq, we believe the way forward is to begin the phased redeployment of our forces in the next four to six months, while shifting the principal mission of our forces there from combat to training, logistics, force protection and counter-terror.” The text of the letter follows below. January 5, 2007 President George W. Bush The White House Washington, DC 20500 Dear Mr. President:

The start of the new Congress brings us opportunities to work together on the critical issues confronting our country. No issue is more important than finding an end to the war in Iraq. December was the deadliest month of the war in over two years, pushing U.S. fatality figures over the 3,000 mark.

The American people demonstrated in the November elections that they do not believe your current Iraq policy will lead to success and that we need a change in direction for the sake of our troops and the Iraqi people. We understand that you are completing your post-election consultations on Iraq and are preparing to make a major address on your Iraq strategy to the American people next week.